Writing the introduction of a scientific research paper

Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study.

Writing the introduction of a scientific research paper

Format for the paper Edit your paper! A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner.

This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought about the work. The title should be appropriate for the intended audience. The title usually describes the subject matter of the article: Effect of Smoking on Academic Performance" Sometimes a title that summarizes the results is more effective: The person who did the work and wrote the paper is generally listed as the first author of a research paper.

For published articles, other people who made substantial contributions to the work are also listed as authors. An abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the reader a "preview" of what's to come. Such abstracts may also be published separately in bibliographical sources, such as Biologic al Abstracts.

They allow other scientists to quickly scan the large scientific literature, and decide which articles they want to read in depth. The abstract should be a little less technical than the article itself; you don't want to dissuade your potent ial audience from reading your paper.

Your abstract should be one paragraph, of words, which summarizes the purpose, methods, results and conclusions of the paper. It is not easy to include all this information in just a few words. Start by writing a summary that includes whatever you think is important, and then gradually prune it down to size by removing unnecessary words, while still retaini ng the necessary concepts.

Don't use abbreviations or citations in the abstract. It should be able to stand alone without any footnotes. Why is it interesting? The introduction summarizes the relevant literature so that the reader will understand why you were interested in the question you asked. One to fo ur paragraphs should be enough.

End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked in this experiment. How did you answer this question? There should be enough information here to allow another scientist to repeat your experiment.

Look at other papers that have been published in your field to get some idea of what is included in this section. If you had a complicated protocol, it may helpful to include a diagram, table or flowchart to explain the methods you used.

Do not put results in this section. You may, however, include preliminary results that were used to design the main experiment that you are reporting on.

Mention relevant ethical considerations. If you used human subjects, did they consent to participate. If you used animals, what measures did you take to minimize pain? This is where you present the results you've gotten. Use graphs and tables if appropriate, but also summarize your main findings in the text.

Do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened; t hat goes in th e Discussion. You don't necessarily have to include all the data you've gotten during the semester.

This isn't a diary. Use appropriate methods of showing data.WRITING A SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ARTICLE Useful books | FORMAT FOR THE PAPER. Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research.

A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. Feb 27,  · An article primarily includes the following sections: introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion.

This article is a part of the guide:

Before writing the introduction, the main steps, the heading and the familiarity level of the readers should be considered. The introduction serves a few different functions: it presents your topic, clarifies the context of the paper, attracts the attention of readers, and presents a thesis statement which will be explained and developed throughout the whole research.

Nov 16,  · The introduction to a research paper can be the most challenging part of the paper to write. The length of the introduction will vary depending on the type of research paper you are writing. An introduction should announce your topic, 80%().

Writing the introduction of a scientific research paper

Knowing how to write an introduction is yet another part of the process of writing a research paper. Turkish language writing essay anil potti research papers analysing advertisements essay selected essays of f sionil jose tree sea girt police corruption essays mfa illustration as visual essay essays on euthanasia pros and cons paid essay writing professional essay about myself introduction role of religion in social stratification essay mfa.

How to Write Guide: Sections of the Paper