In Thomas More published Utopia, a description of a fictional island in the Atlantic with an ideal society, in order to draw a sharp contrast with the disorderly political situation of his own time. He created the name from topos "place" and ou, Greek for "no", since he was well aware that nowhere so perfect was likely to exist on earth. People have long dreamed of creating utopian communities; some of them have joined communes, societies where other idealists like themselves have chosen to live in a cooperative way according to certain principles.
Utopian Socialism The Utopian Socialism Movement The birth of the first modern socialist thought brought not only the changes in our modern politics but also new forms of art that promoted the views of the utopian socialism movement. Although any modern socialist movement can technically be called utopian, this term is today most often applied to the earliest socialists who lived during the early 19th century, where the name "utopian" negatively described their unrealistic ideas.
Examples of that can be found in the initial works of socialist founders such as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels whose visions of the future were mostly focused on the expansion of the principles of French revolution which did not always aligned with a modern depiction of peaceful utopia.
Their views of utopian society were not always peaceful and consisted from rigidly conforming to the scientific method of creation of balanced society. The Utopian Socialism movement played a very big role in the history of the Utopian literary genre. The root of modern utopian socialism can be Utopian societies in Ancient Greece and the works of the famous philosophers Plato and Aristotle who both described in their works perfect societies.
Those old ideas were forged into utopian socialism movement by philosophers who started opposing the appalling consequences of industrial revolution.
Tremendous increase in the manufacturing capabilities and the creation of new class of oppressed workforce pushed some of the best minds of the 19th century into open opposition to capitalism. The works of the utopian socialism authors reflect their wishes for more just humanitarian world, where inhumanities of their age would be eliminated, and the future in which modern society will finally found balance between men, work, education, progress, and nature, with open opposition to the indifference of the rulers, rigid laws, selfishness and acquisitive individualism.
Utopian socialist also very much promoted their futuristic views of the world with strong morals, hope, happiness and faith, which caused strong reactions of both inspiration and ridicule in the population who came in contact with their works.
Almost all socialists authors adopted these ideals, but where utopian socialism movement differed from general socialism was in the means of how mankind could reach this better state the ways in which current power would be taken from a government for example.
The first utopian socialist was without the doubt the English philosopher and author Thomas Moore His novel "Utopia" which popularized word "utopia" in modern times described the need for the creation of a state that practiced religious toleration, freedom of marriage, simpler communal life, free education and health care.
He wrote this highly influential book guided by his frustration with the current political state in late 15th and early 16th century England, where he directly served English King Henry VIII as councilor, and for three years as Lord High Chancellor of England.
After the release of Utopia, many authors across England and Europe took its ideas and used them to create the new literary genre that managed to survive all up to modern time.
This genre was not closely connected to socialist movement but was instead used to explore various thoughts. This book served as the direct inspiration for the creation of the British Royal Society inwhich promoted education, exploration of new modern sciences, sharing of knowledge, and fueled the creation of first modern universities.
Moore's utopian vision gained additional popularity in the 19th century with the publication of several highly influential socialist works. Although they did not call themselves "utopian", ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels talked about visions and goals for the creation of utopian societies where people lived like equals.
The distinction between utopian socialists and other modern movements were made in the Friedrich Engels' book called "Socialism: Utopian and Scientific", in which he described them as ones who want to transform France into country with rational society, economy and their willingness to make those changes without struggle between classes or political revolutions.
To him, utopian socialists claimed that they could achieve their goals with the help of like-minded people within existing society.
The popularity of utopian socialism gave birth to one of the biggest waves in utopian literature. During the 19th century, many utopian philosophers and writers tried to describe their ideas either in written form or by trying to realize their dreams in reality.
Successful Welsh businessman Robert Owen with help from philosopher Jeremy Bentham managed to reform the way of life for the workers that were employed by them. They created the lifestyle for them that included fewer work hours, distributed work, schools for children and renovated housing.
Own was also responsible for creating few of the first utopian settlements in the United States. His new found commune called "New Harmony" collapsed after Own lost substantial wealth in a robbery, but this village greatly contributed the rise of future socialist movement by showing the entire world that human social behavior is not fixed and that it can be organized into any kind of society.
In addition to Robert Owen and Jeremy Bentham, some of the other notable utopian socialist philosophers and authors were:Antonym definition, a word opposite in meaning to another. Fast is an antonym of slow. See more. 1 New Haven: New Haven, Connecticut Pennsylvania German Colonies.
Utopian communities Concurrent with the literature, there have also been many attempts by religious groups and political reformers to establish utopian communities, especially in the Americas. In the two centuries between (when some Dutch Mennonites established the first such communitarian colony in what is now Lewes, .
Nestled among tall pines and oaks just south of the Big South Fork National Park, lies Historic Rugby, Tennessee; a British-founded village whose Utopian dream of a . Brook Farm: Brook Farm, short-lived utopian experiment in communal living (–47).
The acre farm was located in West Roxbury, Mass. (now in Boston). It was organized and virtually directed by George Ripley, a former Unitarian minister, editor of The Dial (a critical literary monthly), and a leader in. The term "utopia" was coined by Sir Thomas Moore in with his book "Utopia." The book features the fictional island of Utopia, which was said to be in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
On Utopia, there is always perfect order.