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United States Senate election in Ohio, Congressman Theodore Burton had been elected as senator in Foraker's place inand announced that he would seek a second term in the elections.
By this time, the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution had been ratified, giving the people the right to elect senators, and Ohio had instituted primary elections for the office. Foraker and former congressman Ralph D. Cole also entered the Republican primary. When Burton withdrew, Foraker became the favorite, but his Old Guard Republicanism was deemed outdated, and Harding was urged to enter the race.
Daugherty claimed credit for persuading Harding to run, "I found him like a turtle sunning himself on a log, and I pushed him into the water. It was calculated to offend nobody except Democrats. Harding won the primary by 12, votes over Foraker. Slogan written on Ohio walls and fences,  Harding's general election opponent was Ohio Attorney General Timothy Hoganwho had risen to statewide office despite widespread prejudice against Roman Catholics in rural areas.
Inthe start of World War I and the prospect of a Catholic senator from Ohio increased nativist sentiment.
Harding did not attack Hogan an old friend on this or most other issues, but he did not denounce the nativist hatred for his opponent.
Senate, the Democrats controlled both houses of Congress, and were led by President Wilson. As a junior senator in the minority, Harding received unimportant committee assignments, but carried out those duties assiduously. As senator-elect, he indicated that he could not support votes for women until Ohio did.
Increased support for suffrage there and among Senate Republicans meant that by the time Congress voted on the issue, Harding was a firm supporter. Harding, who drank,  initially voted against banning alcohol.
He voted for the Eighteenth Amendmentwhich imposed Prohibitionafter successfully moving to modify it by placing a time limit on ratification, which was expected to kill it.
Once it was ratified anyway, Harding voted to override Wilson's veto of the Volstead Billwhich implemented the amendment, assuring the support of the Anti-Saloon League.
He urged delegates to stand as a united party. The convention nominated Justice Charles Evans Hughes. In the November presidential electiondespite increasing Republican unity, Hughes was narrowly defeated by Wilson. In MayHarding, less enthusiastic about Wilson, opposed a bill to expand the president's powers.
Many senators disliked Article X of the League Covenantthat committed signatories to the defense of any member nation that was attacked, seeing it as forcing the United States to war without the assent of Congress. Harding was one of 39 senators who signed a round-robin letter opposing the League.
When Wilson invited the Foreign Relations Committee to the White House to informally discuss the treaty, Harding ably questioned Wilson about Article X; the president evaded his inquiries. The Senate debated Versailles in Septemberand Harding made a major speech against it. By then, Wilson had suffered a stroke while on a speaking tour.
With an incapacitated president in the White House and less support in the country, the treaty was defeated. These plans ended when Roosevelt suddenly died on January 6, Among those coveting Harding's seat were former governor Willis he had been defeated by James M.
On December 17,Harding made a low-key announcement of his presidential candidacy. Harding was far more acceptable to the "Old Guard" leaders of the party. His strategy was to make Harding an acceptable choice to delegates once the leaders faltered. Daugherty established a Harding for president campaign office in Washington run by his confidant, Jess Smithand worked to manage a network of Harding friends and supporters, including Frank Scobey of Texas clerk of the Ohio State Senate during Harding's years there.
Despite the candidate's work, according to Russell, "without Daugherty's Mephistophelean efforts, Harding would never have stumbled forward to the nomination.
Harding, speech before the Home Market Club, Boston, May 14,  There were only 16 presidential primary states inof which the most crucial to Harding was Ohio. Harding had to have some loyalists at the convention to have any chance of nomination, and the Wood campaign hoped to knock Harding out of the race by taking Ohio.
Wood campaigned in the state, and his supporter, Procter, spent large sums; Harding spoke in the non-confrontational style he had adopted in Harding and Daugherty were so confident of sweeping Ohio's 48 delegates that the candidate went on to the next state, Indiana, before the April 27 Ohio primary.
In Indiana, Harding finished fourth, with less than ten percent of the vote, and failed to win a single delegate. He was willing to give up and have Daugherty file his re-election papers for the Senate, but Florence Harding grabbed the phone from his hand, "Warren Harding, what are you doing?
Not until the convention is over.
Think of your friends in Ohio! Johnson was deemed to be behind the inquiry, and the rage of the Lowden and Wood factions put an end to any possible compromise among the frontrunners. Of the almost 1, delegates, 27 were women—the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitutionguaranteeing women the vote, was within one state of ratification, and would pass before the end of August.1 describe the basis of feminist criminology; Denver international airport baggage handling system; Science and the future of mankind essay writer.
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The Washington Post noted on January 9, , that the source Simpson referenced may not have necessarily been an informant willingly or directly, or during the campaign, but rather may have become an informant as a result of later becoming implicated in wrongdoing.
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