Share Shares These could be considered as the most important fossil discoveries in paleontology because they all are theorized by scientists to represent the first appearance of that particular kind of organism on Earth. Regardless of all the theories and scientific value these great discoveries represent and the vast amount of knowledge they have ultimately led to, they are simply a truly fascinating subject to study and are sure to spark the imaginations of many. The fossil was discovered in Germany in and with its combination of feathers and reptilian features had long been considered the first true bird. This was a time when Europe was much closer to the equator than it is now and thus was an archipelago due to the warmer climate.
Download image Eliminating the remainder of the U. A number of factors besides currency manipulation contribute to large U. On the part of other countries, these include unfair trade policies such as subsidies, trade barriers, and illegal appropriation of the intellectual property of U.
Underinvestment in infrastructure is The significant attributes to the american critical factor. Enacting policies to more effectively stimulate demand, including ending currency manipulation, rebuilding infrastructure, investing in clean and renewable technology industries, and eliminating unfair trade policies such as dumping, subsidies, and other unfair trade barriers are the most important steps needed to rebuild U.
New trade policies to respond to a dynamic and increasingly hostile international environment would move toward a restructuring of the world trading system so that it supports fair, balanced, and sustainable trade.
And the massive public investments needed to rebuild U. While policies that address the demand side of the equation are critical, supply-side assistance is also crucial; U. The United States and its domestic manufacturers are operating in an environment where many other countries, including Germany, Japan, China, and Korea, operate comprehensive, supply-side programs to support their traded goods industries.
The United States also needs an intermediary institution to provide working and investment capital to small and medium-sized manufacturers, which often lack access to U.
In addition, federal and state governments should work with schools, unions, and manufacturers to develop improved school-to-work training programs for non-college graduates, modeled on German and Danish labor force policies.
Finally, Japan has a Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry METIa powerful agency that works to ensure that foreign trade policy complements efforts to strengthen domestic manufacturing interests. China through its five-year plans also provides critical strategic support to manufacturing efforts.
Lessons on building strong support systems from the United States and other countries The major elements of a more effective national trade and industrial policy were outlined in the previous section. A few examples will illustrate the scale of resources and commitments required to raise manufacturing support in the United States to a level on par with other countries.
In the debates about the future of manufacturing, comparisons are frequently drawn between the decline of employment in agriculture and that in manufacturing. However, agriculture has continued to be a major U.
One of the primary reasons for rising output in agriculture is the steady growth of productivity output per acre. Among the foremost reasons for the large and steady rise in agricultural productivity has been the key role played by the federal government in supporting research and its dissemination and diffusion.
Resources dedicated to this task include the U. The entity that comes closest to performing a similar role in manufacturing may be the relatively obscure National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST.
Some 72 percent of USDA expenditures are for nutrition assistance the Women, Infants and Children programwhich only indirectly benefits agriculture. However, manufacturing generated 10 times as much output as did agriculture in Thus, per dollar of economic output generated, the USDA spends more than times as much to support agriculture and related activities as NIST spends on manufacturing research and related activities.
Comparative research by Ezell and Atkinson has shown that U. As a share of GDP, Canada spends more than seven times as much as the United States on manufacturing extension and services programs, and Japan spends nearly 23 times more than the United States. It supports more than 80 research units and 60 Fraunhofer Institutes and in had a staff of 20, more than half of whom are scientists and engineers.
Almost 30 percent of its funding is provided by the German federal and state lander governments. Fraunhofer The U. GDP is approximately 4.
Thus, both the German and Japanese examples suggest U. Expanding to a program of this scale would require time and resources to ensure that the needed capacities were developed and the resources well invested.
But expanding the MEP program would by no means be sufficient to restore U. As a result, over the past decade Germany has maintained a large and growing trade surplus even relative to low-wage countries outside the eurozone, despite having some of the highest manufacturing compensation rates in the world BLS There are externalities that lead U.
There are also market imperfections in capital markets that need to be addressed with new public institutions, as suggested above. These market imperfections provide an economic justification for investing public resources in activities that would enhance U.
While it is beyond the scope of this paper to detail a comprehensive program to develop a world-class environment to support U. Rebuilding manufacturing through rebalancing trade can help restructure the U. On the other hand, implementing more effective trade and industrial policies, coupled with massive investments in infrastructure, clean technologies, and renewable energy, could reduce or eliminate the U.
This would support millions of additional good jobs, add hundreds of billions of dollars to U. GDP, and reduce unemployment and federal budget deficits while greatly improving state and local finances. These policies would be win-win for the United States, its workers, U.Llama History >> Llamas as Pack Animals >> Green/Sustainable Attributes.
Though domesticated longer than practically any other animal in the world, the llama has languished in . Manufacturing has played a leading role in the nation’s economic recovery, adding , jobs between February , when manufacturing employment fell to its lowest point, and October Western Concepts of God.
Western concepts of God have ranged from the detached transcendent demiurge of Aristotle to the pantheism of Spinoza. Nevertheless, much of western thought about God has fallen within some broad form of theism.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has long thrived as a regional hub for trade and financial activity. In recent years, its robust economic development, political stability, and liberal business environment have attracted a massive influx of people, goods, and capital, which may leave the country vulnerable to money laundering activity.
Bottle Attributes - Beer & Soda Bottle Manufacturers. A bottle's manufacturer can say something about a bottle's age. The following is a list of manufacturers that marked pottery and glass soda and beer bottles, a brief history, their years of operation, and manufacturer marks. Click to view geographically.
The Origin of Philosophy: The Attributes of Mythic/ Mythopoeic Thought. The pioneering work on this subject was The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man, An Essay on Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East by Henri Frankfort, H.A.
Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A. Irwin (University of Chicago Press, , -- also once issued by Penguin as Before Philosophy).