The juvenile boot camps for offenders criminology essay

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The juvenile boot camps for offenders criminology essay

Punishment, and Cost control Parent, Of these, rehabilitation and cost control are the goals cited most often by correctional practitioners and policymakers.

Thus far the research on the effect of rehabilitation in boot camps has been inconclusive. Similarly, few hard data are available on cost, although it is known that adult boot camps cost as much as traditional prisons per inmate per day. Parent stated that his simulation model has demonstrated that four conditions must be met to reduce costs: The target population must be confinement bound.

The boot camp population should not be selected by judges, but by correctional officials, who would choose juveniles for boot camp from among those who have already been sentenced to or confined in a facility.

The term of confinement must be cut significantly. However, this condition for cutting costs is easier to implement in an adult facility than in a juvenile facility, because adults usually receive longer sentences than juveniles.

Program failures must be minimized. There are several ways to do this: Minimize voluntary dropout rates. Orientation should give potential participants a very clear understanding of what to expect in the boot camp so that they are not surprised.

Participants should be given more chances for successful completion. This can be accomplished by establishing graduated sanctions and by allowing participants to repeat the program "recycle". The recycling option should again be available.

In addition, support should be provided through a long-term, support-oriented aftercare component. Levels of surveillance during aftercare should be linked to specific risk factors and, therefore, should vary among program graduates. The boot camp must have a large capacity. If substantial reductions in the confinement population are planned to reduce costs, large-scale boot camps are needed Parent, Parent stated that currently there are two boot camp models -- treatment and population reduction and that it is difficult to accomplish the aims of both models simultaneously.

The population reduction model, which emphasizes cost control, would be difficult to replicate for juveniles because they generally serve much shorter sentences than adult offenders.

Rehabilitation, therefore, may be the only logical goal in opening a juvenile correctional boot camp.

The juvenile boot camps for offenders criminology essay

Findings from evaluations of adult boot camps Dr. MacKenzie, the most surprising finding of the evaluation was that in each of the boot camps studied, regardless of the amount of therapeutic treatment, all participants who completed the program were more positive about their experiences than were offenders in a traditional prison setting.

She also found that programs lacking in therapeutic components were working to add them to the boot camp regimen MacKenzie, Some evidence indicated that the rate of recidivism declined in programs where offenders spent 3 or more hours per day in therapeutic activity and had some type of aftercare or intensive supervision after release.

However, the finding of differences in recidivism came from an exploratory analysis. In general, the MacKenzie and Souryal evaluation found similar recidivism rates for those who completed boot camps and comparable offenders who spent long periods of time in prison MacKenzie, The selection of "boot camp" youths Even if, as Parent suggests, the primary goal of juvenile boot camps ought to be rehabilitation, the cost-control argument for targeting confinement-bound youth is a valid one Parent, Altschuler, who has found that most juvenile boot camps are being used as an alternative to probation, raised another reason for targeting confinement-bound youth for boot camp rather than those who receive probation.

According to Altschuler, "research has demonstrated that low- or moderate-risk juvenile and adult offenders who are subjected to high levels of supervision as in a boot camp program that includes a structured aftercare component actually do worse than those left on traditional probation" Altschuler, It is therefore important to distinguish between juveniles who should be placed on probation with minimal supervision and those who need more supervision.

This caution touches on another issue related to selection: Judges may find appealing the option of assigning a youth to boot camp rather than to some other available intermediate sanction. The result may be confinement of a youth who previously would not have been confined. Under these premises, the final effect is actually an increase in the number of youth who are confined and thereby an increase in cost.

There is also the issue of the high percentage of minority youth as many as 80 percent among those who are confined in boot camps. This can be attributed to the fact that boot camps typically serve urban areas with a high percentage of minority youth. Often, however, the boot camp model fails to "connect" with this population Altschuler, Boot camp design In addition to size, another consideration concerning the boot camp's physical environment is whether it is located in a general population facility or is a stand-alone camp.The free Criminology research paper (The Pros And Cons of Boot Camps essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.

If you need fresh and competent research / writing on Criminology, use the professional writing service offered by our company. Due to the increase population of juvenile offenders, the facilities started to overcrowd. Therefore, the correctional officers had to turn towards boot camps as an alternative.

But what exactly is a boot camp? Boot camps are military training that concentrates on discipline, and unquestioning obedience to orders. The questions put forth in this research paper are: whether participants in juvenile boot camps receive the services prescribed for them, what impact juvenile boot camps have on recidivism rates, what benefits juvenile offenders derive from boot camps, and whether juvenile boot camps .

According to OJJDP, juvenile boot camps cost nearly 10 times more than juvenile probation programs per offender (Tyler et al., ).

In Texas in , the cost per day of a juvenile in a boot camp was $ (Tyler et al., ). A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British and Australian English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), remand center, or internment facility (commonly used term in military theatres of war/involvement) is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.

Situational crime prevention (SCP) seeks to reduce the number of crime events by focusing on limiting the opportunities for crime to occur. The approach typically uses an action-research model and assumes that offenders make decisions that are broadly rational.

It is generally designed so that.

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