President, Friends and Fellow Citizens:
Douglass described her as a kind and tender-hearted woman, who treated him "as she supposed one human being ought to treat another". He later often said, "knowledge is the pathway from slavery to freedom. In later years, Douglass credited The Columbian Oratoran anthology that he discovered at about age twelve, with clarifying and defining his views on freedom and human rights.
The book, first published inis a classroom reader, containing essays, speeches and dialogues, to assist students in learning reading and grammar. When Douglass was hired out to William Freeland, he taught other slaves on the plantation to read the New Testament at a weekly Sunday school.
As word spread, the interest among slaves in learning to read was so great that in any week, more than 40 slaves would attend lessons.
For about six months, their study went relatively unnoticed. While Freeland remained complacent about their activities, other plantation owners became incensed about their slaves being educated. One Sunday they burst in on the gathering, armed with clubs and stones, to disperse the congregation permanently.
Thomas Auld sent Douglass to work for Edward Coveya poor farmer who had a reputation as a "slave-breaker". He whipped Douglass regularly, and nearly broke him psychologically. The sixteen-year-old Douglass finally rebelled against the beatings, however, and fought back.
After Douglass won a physical confrontation, Covey never tried to beat him again. Inhe tried to escape from his new master Covey, but failed again. InDouglass met and fell in love with Anna Murraya free black woman in Baltimore about five years older than he.
Her free status strengthened his belief in the possibility of gaining his own freedom. Murray encouraged him and supported his efforts by aid and money.
On September 3,Douglass successfully escaped by boarding a train from the newly merged Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad P.
This depot was replaced by the historic President Street Stationconstructed —; it was noted as a site of other slave escapes along one of many routes of the famous " Underground Railroad " and during the Civil War.
Young Douglass reached Havre de Grace, Marylandin Harford Countyin the northeast corner of the state, along the southwest shore of the Susquehanna Riverwhich flowed into the Chesapeake Bay.
Although this placed him some 20 miles from the free state of Pennsylvania, it was easier to travel through Delaware, another slave state. Dressed in a sailor's uniform provided to him by Murray, who also gave him part of her savings to cover his travel costs, he carried identification papers and protection papers that he had obtained from a free black seaman.
From there, because the rail line was not yet completed, he went by steamboat along the Delaware River further northeast to the "Quaker City" of PhiladelphiaPennsylvania, an anti-slavery stronghold.
His entire journey to freedom took less than 24 hours. I have often been asked, how I felt when first I found myself on free soil.
And my readers may share the same curiosity. There is scarcely anything in my experience about which I could not give a more satisfactory answer. A new world had opened upon me. If life is more than breath, and the 'quick round of blood,' I lived more in one day than in a year of my slave life. It was a time of joyous excitement which words can but tamely describe.
In a letter written to a friend soon after reaching New York, I said: She brought with her the necessary basics for them to set up a home. They were married on September 15,by a black Presbyterian minister, just eleven days after Douglass had reached New York. The couple settled in New Bedford, Massachusettsinlater moving to Lynn, Massachusetts in In New Bedford the latter was such a common name that he wanted one that was more distinctive, and asked Nathan Johnson to choose a suitable surname.
Nathan Johnson had been reading the poem The Lady of the Lakeand suggested "Douglass",  two of the principal characters in Walter Scott 's poem have the surname "Douglas". He held various positions, including steward, Sunday School superintendent, and sexton. Years later, a black congregation formed there and by it became the region's largest church.
Inspired by Garrison, Douglass later said, "no face and form ever impressed me with such sentiments [of the hatred of slavery] as did those of William Lloyd Garrison.BASIC PHILOSOPHY. A COLLECTION OF FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS & A GUIDE FOR THE PHILOSOPHICALLY PERPLEXED. Also.
TOPICS FOR LIBERAL EDUCATION TOPICS FOR NEW EDUCATION. A Word of Caution. Few statements are true in all respects or for all plausible interpretations. This is especially true of interesting or significant statements and arises from the .
In Frederick Douglass' autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, he writes about the inhumanity and brutality of slavery, with the intention of informing white, American colonists.
A speech given at Rochester, New York, July 5, Mr. President, Friends and Fellow Citizens: He who could address this audience without a quailing sensation, has stronger nerves than I have.
Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Douglass, Frederick. "Excerpt from Frederick Douglass' Speech to the People of Rochester, New York on the Hypocrisy of Slavery, July 4, " Civil Rights and Conflict in the United States: Selected Speeches. Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey; c.
February – February 20, ) was an American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and alphabetnyc.com escaping from slavery in Maryland, he became a national leader of the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts and New York, gaining note for his oratory and incisive antislavery writings.