Organizations go through an inevitable progression from growth through maturity, revival, and eventually decline. The broad corporate strategy alternatives, sometimes referred to as grand strategies, are:
Strategic Family Theory and Therapy I. Introduction Strategic and Structural family therapy has been heavily influenced by Bateson's cybernetics model. They are mostly intent upon changing behavior rather than insight, and as such are famous for creative interventions. There are 3 main models in this theory A.
Erikson believed the unconscious was full of wisdom - thus, he didn't need to give people insight, just help them get access to it on their own. The Milan Model - Palazzoli was a prominent Italian psychoanalyst. She and her team of 8 other analysts read the works of Bateson, Haley and did lots of research.
MRI - families make common-sense but misguided attempts to solve their problems. The solution selection as well as its success is governed by system rules. The attempts go awry and the result is a positive feedback loop that makes the problem worse.
What do you do? Haley and Madanes followed these same ideas, but with some variations 1. Haley and Madanes were concerned with the function a symptom served, as it marked a payoff in the system that resulted due to the structure of the system. Haley and Madanes studied triadic interaction over long periods of time, say months.
Haley even wrote a book on Leaving Home. Haley was particularly concerned with power struggles, and often prescribed the symptom such that the cost of keeping it up outweighed the gains.
Madanes was concerned with incongruous hierarchies, where a child uses symptoms to change the behavior of the parent. Haley and Madanes also formulated that rules followed a hierarchical order, and thus improving the hierarchical and boundary problems would prevent dysfunctional feedback loops from starting, a sort of "plan ahead" strategy.
Haley and Madanes believe families go through dysfunctional stages to get to functional ones. The Milan Group read and followed many of the works of MRI and Haley and Madanes, worked with power struggles and boundaries as well, and focused on long time spans spanning even multiple generations.
They worked mostly with anorexic and schizophrenic families. Normal Family Development 1.
The MRI group disdains concepts of "normality. Haley and Madanes emphasized clear generational boundaries, like the Milan group, but did hold a concept of normality and believed therapy should change the dysfunctional structure and create a more functional one.
The Milan group, like the MRI, also disdains concepts of "normality. However, unlike Haley and Madanes but like the MRI's, they believe that the therapy should be "neutral" and not have expectations of families.
This way, the therapy helps the family by simply examining the family, asking questions to help them examine their own family structure, and exposing games after which they can redesign their family into a better structure on their own. Problematic Family Development There are three models for problem development; a.
Tommy is 16 and has recently refused to go out of the house. MRI would focus on getting Tommy out, believing the parents attempted solutions kept him home.
Haley and Madanes would focus on the triadic relationship between Tommy and his 2 parents. Haley would wonder about the parents unresolved conflicts and marital struggles, Madanes would wonder about how Tommy staying home helped one or both of his parents. Milan would focus on the family's history and hidden power struggles, or family games, in which Tommy is embedded and has to stay home to help a family member "win.
Goals for Therapy 1. MRI simply change the current problem run away positive feedback loop and send the family home, even if there are other serious problems. Unless the family asks for help on other problems, the therapy doesn't intervene.
MRI's help the family by making them form clear, straight forward, immediate, behavioral goals and sticking to them. Haley is also behavioral, concerned with the immediate problem, and anti- insight. Unlike MRI, he wanted a structural re-organization of the family, like the structural therapies, but one which would proceed in steps and have sub-goals along the way all dealing with the presenting problem.
While strategic therapy don't use relationships and personality supposedly to achieve their goals and instead rely on strategies, by focusing on the problem at hand, he kept resistance down and built trust with the family.In recent years, management scholars have explored the possibilities of employing the techniques of Organization Development (OD) to effect desired organizational changes.
Properly diagnosing the change environment allows for the application of such strategic intervention techniques as role playing, team development, survey feedback, process.
Task Relevance of models of strategic change to organizations in the current economy. Task Assess the value of using strategic intervention techniques.
Task 2. Task Examine the need for change in an organization. A Resource for Teachers, Clinicians, Parents, and Students by the Brain Injury Association of New York State. Oct 04, · Gartner Symposium is currently under way in Orlando, and the company has identified a top ten strategic technology trends for the year ahead.
Gartner defines “strategic. alphabetnyc.comques The Strategic approach focused mostly on strategies adapted to the specific situation of the person and problem, as did Erikson. Each of the three models is somewhat different.
Trauma is a national health problem and after a traumatic injury, bleeding is responsible for over 35% of pre-hospital deaths. Examples of trauma include traffic & industrial accidents, natural disasters, falls, accidental injuries and intentional acts of violence such as shootings, stabbings and bombings.