Socrates body and soul essay

Platonic arguments for the immortality of the soul PHIL Jeff Speaks November 28, Plato is the classical source of philosophical arguments for the immortality of the soul. We will discuss empirical and religious arguments later.

Socrates body and soul essay

For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it Socrates body and soul essay the petitioner.

The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous.

One example of the kinds of answers Delphi gave occurred when King Croesus of Lydiaof legendary wealth, sought advice on the attack against Persia he was contemplating. But he was a cautious ruler, and sent a question to Delphi, asking what would happen if he attacked the Persians.

Delphi already had such a reputation. The answer that the Pythia delivered was that if Croesus attacked Cyrus, "a great kingdom will fall. He had no idea who he was dealing with, and was defeated very swiftly indeed. Lydia became part of Persia in The former king was sent home to live in retirement, where he had the leisure to write back to Delphi and complain that he had been misled.

Socrates body and soul essay

The priests answered his letter, telling him that what they had said was perfectly accurate. A great kingdom had indeed fallen, namely his. Croesus might have worried which kingdom the god had referred to. Another example came when the Persians invaded Greece in King Xerxes wished to avenge the defeat of his father, Darius, at the battle of Marathon in I had a student once who worked at the "Phidippides Sports Center," a sports supply store in Encino, California.

This was named after the messenger who is supposed to have run back to Athens to report the defeat of the Persians.

Unfortunately, Phidippides dropped dead once he had blurted out, "Victory is ours. The distance of a Marathon run is As it happens, the distance from Marathon to Athens is more like 19 miles 30 km.

Socrates body and soul essay

Indeed, Phidippides may not have done the run at all. He or "Philippides" is mentioned by Herodotus as running to Sparta from Athens before the battle to ask for helpbut there is no account of the run from Marathon for many centuries.

Others fled the city. Unfortunately, after the Persians had flanked and eliminated the Spartans atThermopylae "Hot gates," i. Athens, however, had just built a new fleet, under the command of Themistocles. He figured that the "walls of wood" meant the ships and that he should try and bring the Persians to action.

He drew them into an attack in the narrow waters between the island of Salamis where most Athenians had fled and the mainland. Here the large Persian fleet could not deploy to advantage, and the Athenians started getting the better of the fight.

Xerxes, observing from a headland, was apoplectic. Now, without a dangerous and humiliating march overland, his army was stranded in Greece, short of supplies. The Greeks allowed for the attrition of a whole year, and then the Spartans attacked and destroyed the remaining Persian force at Plataea, in Themistocles had interpreted the Oracle correctly.

This was the last Persian effort to invade Greece. Despite the leadership of the Spartans, the key to victory had been in the Athenian fleet. This made the fortunes of Athens for some time. Some scholarly comment has been that Athens became disillusioned with Delphi because it had favored Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, patronizing instead another oracle of Apollo at Delos.

So when Socrates mentions Delphi, this actually adds to the things that are provoking the jury.Socrates opens the overall discussion at 64c by defining death as separation of the soul from the body while the argument regarding the duality of body and soul is picked up again at the end of 78b with the major premise being whether or not the soul is something that can be scattered.

Step 2: Delivery Options

Socrates, Body and Soul In the first part of the Phaedo, Socrates lays out his theory regarding the immortality of the soul. Near the end of this part he breaks down the body and soul and shows us that they are very different in permanence and structure.

The problem of evil is the most serious problem in the world. It is also the one serious objection to the existence of God. When Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote his great Summa Theologica, he could find only two objections to the existence of God, even though he tried to list at least three objections to.

Platonic arguments for the immortality of the soul

The body isn't just a prison for a soul that jumps from body to body. Instead, one body and one soul make up one person. Yes, he agreed that the soul is immortal, he just didn't buy into the idea. Cebes has been deeply impressed by what Socrates has said concerning the advantages to be gained by a separation of the soul from the body.

He is in agreement with most of the argument, but he questions the premise on which much of it is based. 1.) True; Simmias uses the theory of recollection in his argument against Socrates about the soul and it having immortality, or not.

He uses an analogy of an instrument to represent the body, and the instrument’s attunement to represent the soul.

Phaedo - Wikipedia