Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as mahatma Gandhi, was a Indian nationalist leader, who established his country's freedom through a nonviolent revolution. Gandhi became a leader in a difficult struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule. He believed and dedicated his life to demonstrating that both individuals and nations owe it to themselves to stay free, and to allow the same freedom to others. Gandhi was one of the gentlest of men, a devout and almost mystical Hindu, but he had and iron core of determination.
During this momentous period of our history, Gandhi was undoubtedly the undisputed leader of millions of freedom loving Indians. In between the phases of struggle-truce-struggle, Gandhi invented the constructive activity programme of eradication of untouchability, Hindu-Muslim unity, promotion of Khadi and village reconstruction to channelize the energies of the multitude of Indians by carrying on peaceful and continuous agitation of all-round mobilization of superstition ridden, illiterate, and ignorant masses about the need of self-help and self-reliance by precept and practice.
Gandhi had justifiably become an icon of the 20th century to many Indians and non-Indian protagonists and time is not far off, when he is going to be another avatar of God. What Anil Seal perceives above about Gandhi is not the whole truth but only a partial biased perspective and there is many such who belittle his contribution.
Gandhi was born at Porbandar, a small native state in Kathiawar in. His father was the hereditary Diwan of that tiny state.
He belonged to the Vaishya community which had close contacts with the Jains and. His autobiography The Story of My Experiments with Truth, graphically, truthfully and vividly describes his life.
Sumit Sarkar aptly observes: The railways, telegraphs, hospitals, lawyers, doctors and such like, have all to go, and the so-called upper class have to learn to live consciously and deliberately the simple life of a peasant.
During the course of and earlyhe involved himself in three significant struggles in Champaran in Bihar, in Ahmedabad and in Kheda in Gujarat. Interestingly, these movements involved the impoverished peasants at Champaran and Kheda and industrial workers in Ahmedabad.
Champaran, Ahmedabad and Kheda struggles made Gandhi find a place among the people of India as a determined and committed person to a cause which will better the conditions of the masses in India and to earn the goodwill and confidence of the younger workers.
In such a mood of goodwill and successful experience at the age of 50, Gandhi called for a nationwide Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act in March As the constitutional method failed, Gandhi initiated Satyagraha.
A Satyagraha Sabha was formed and contacts were established with the people interested in participating in the agitation against Rowlatt Act. Gandhi proposed that the form of protest to be observed should be a nationwide hartal or strike followed by fasting and prayer.
In addition to this form of protest, they decided to offer civil disobedience against specific laws. Though 6 April was fixed as the date on which Satyagraha was to be launched, due to some confusion, hartal was observed on 30 March at Delhi followed by street violence and disorder.
Same patternrwas also noticed in other parts too. The situation in Punjab, Gujarat and Bombay was very volatile. Gandhi was not allowed to visit Punjab and was detained at Bombay.
Gandhi made it his mission to pacify the people. The Punjab Government by its action of arresting two local leaders precipitated the matter to the verge of violent protests. April 13, the Baisakhi day was the darkest day in the Punjab and on that day the British resorted to brutal shoot-out attack on an innocent gathering at Jallianwala Bagh, in which died as per government account and many ware injured.
This most inhuman and brutal act of General Dyer stunned the entire civilized Indians and anger and resentment knew no bounds and the entire nation was overwhelmed by the total atmosphere of violence and revengeful mood. Gandhi withdrew the movement on 18 April, as his philosophy of action was based on non-violence and he wanted to be a leader of the controlled mass action.
Bipan Chandra et al. A year later, he launched another nationwide struggle, on a scale bigger than that of the Rowlatt Satyagraha.MAHATMA GANDHI NG INDIA Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi; 2 October – 30 January ) was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.
Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
When Gandhi was in India, he tirelessly fought for India’s independence from the whites with nonviolence (Mishra. "Gandhi, Mohandas K."). As Gandhi grew older, he became highly spiritual, was engaged in search for truth, and lived a very simple life (Wakin, Eric “Gandhi, Mohandas K.”).
History of Mohandas Gandhi's Beliefs and Movements Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was one of the leading spiritual, political, moral, and cultural leaders of the 's.
Gandhi use various methods of non-violent civil disobedience to gain independence for India. Non Co-operation Movement One of the first series of non violent protests nationwide was the non cooperation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. Essay Mohandas Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as mahatma Gandhi, was a Indian nationalist leader, who established his country's freedom through a nonviolent revolution. Gandhi became a leader in a difficult struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule. When Gandhi was in India, he tirelessly fought for India’s independence from the whites with nonviolence (Mishra. "Gandhi, Mohandas K."). As Gandhi grew older, he became highly spiritual, was engaged in search for truth, and lived a very simple life (Wakin, Eric “Gandhi, Mohandas K.”).
He helped free India from British control by using a unique method of nonviolent resistance. Essay on India’s Struggle For Independence Article shared by: India’s struggle for independence was actively shaped, influenced and .
Essay about Independence Of India and Martin Luther King - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, at Porbandar located in Gujarat and was assassinated on January 30, Mahatma Gandhi was the superior leader and revolutionist of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India.
Mahatma Gandhi played a pivotal role in the freedom struggle of India. His non violent ways and peaceful methods were the foundation for gaining independence from the British.
Read about Mahatma Gandhi's role in freedom struggle of India.