Following the victory at Troy, he and his men sail to Ismarus, the stronghold of the Cicones. With apparent ease, they sack the city, kill the men, enslave the women, and enjoy a rich haul of plunder. Odysseus advises his men to leave immediately with their riches, but they ignore his warnings. The Cicones gather reinforcements, counterattack, and eventually rout the Greeks.
Summary Analysis The Achaeans, sensing defeat, are panicked and despondent. Diomedes rises up before the men and criticizes Agamemnon, telling him that he may sail if he wishes, but that he will stay and fight the Trojans. He says that Troy is fated to fall, and the men roar with assent.
Nestor agrees with Diomedes, tells the soldiers to take their meal, and calls a meeting of the captains to devise a plan.
Agamemnon slightly diminishes his honor by suggesting that the Achaeans abandon the war. Similarly, Agamemnon uses the will of the gods as an excuse for his failures.
Active Themes Related Quotes with Explanations At the meeting of captains, Nestor proposes that Agamemnon make peace with Achilles in order to bring him back into battle. Agamemnon agrees with Nestor, stating again that Zeus seized him with madness to make him quarrel with Achilles.
As Agamemnon is the most powerful of the Achaean kings, he can offer a very powerful reward, but it is uncertain that Achilles will accept. In addition, Agamemnon claims again that Zeus is responsible for his quarrel with Achilles.
Achilles provides food and drink for the men. Achilles rejects the offer immediately. Claiming that death is the same for everyone, Achilles says that there is no point in battling with the Trojans. He curses Agamemnon and his treasures.
Achilles here is portrayed as a good host and a man of culture at least in comparison to his comrades. Achilles questions the fundamental reason of fighting the war, at least temporarily rejecting the idea that soldiers can attain greater honor in combat. Active Themes Achilles tells the embassy that his mother Thetis told him of two possible fates: His fate is fixed, but there is still room for him to make a decision.
Phoenix attempts to convince Achilles not to sail home. Phoenix also tells a story of conflict with his own father, recounting that his exile led him to Phthia, where he helped raise Achilles. Eventually he was convinced to fight, but received no treasure for his efforts.
Active Themes Achilles moves to adjourn the meeting, but Great Ajax speaks his turn. He tells Achilles that his anger has made him too proud, and finally appeals to the respect the other soldiers will have for him if he relents. Achilles is somewhat softened by his speech.
He says that he will not sail tomorrow, but he will still refrain from combat until the fighting reaches his own ships. The more other men respect Achilles, the more his honor will grow. The soldiers are dispirited by the news.
Diomedes says that Achilles is very proud, and that he will fight when the time comes.
He says that Achaeans will be able to fight on without him if they prepare themselves. The meeting ends and the men sleep. Retrieved November 27, Homer has touched on a universal theme, the lure of oblivion through drugs. The Lotus-eaters have no interest in killing the Greeks; the danger is the lotus and the forgetfulness it causes.
This time, Odysseus' judgment prevails, and he manages to get his men back to sea before too many are seduced by the honey-sweet fruit that wipes out. Books 9 through 12 are told as flashbacks, as Odysseus sits in the palace of the Phaeacians telling the story of his wanderings.
These books thus give background not only to . Free summary and analysis of Book 9 in Homer's The Odyssey that won't make you snore. We promise. HOMER THE ODYSSEY TRANSLATED BY Robert Fagles. Book I Athena Inspires the Prince Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns driven time and again off course, once he had plundered the hallowed heights of Troy.
Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds. Need help with Book 9 in Homer's The Iliad? Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. Analysis: Books 9– Although the episodes in Books 9 and 10 take place during the same night, providing a break from the fighting, little continuity exists between them.