The fear of Communism infiltration in the U. The Roots of Fear U. This policy led Americans to view Communism as a serious problem that had to be kept in check on distant shores. But in latea Russian clerk defecting from the Soviet Embassy in Canada provided documents revealing an aggressive campaign by the Soviets to infiltrate the Canadian and U.
The Bolsheviks, organized inwere led by Vladimir I. Leninand they argued for a tightly disciplined organization of professional revolutionaries who were governed by democratic centralism and were dedicated to achieving the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The Communist Party arose in opposition to both capitalism and the socialists of the Second International who had supported their capitalist governments during World War I. Then the powerful general secretary Joseph Stalin and leaders around him moved to assume the leadership of the party.
Stalin eliminated Bukharin from the leadership in and sought to eradicate the last remnants of opposition within the party by launching the Great Purge —38in which many thousands of his real or assumed opponents were executed as traitors and millions more were imprisoned or sent to forced-labour camps.
Following victory in World War IIStalin faced no further challenges within the party, but discontent with his tyranny and arbitrariness smoldered among the party leadership. Khrushchev ended the practice of bloody purges of the party membership, but his impulsive rule aroused dissatisfaction among the other party leaders, who ousted him in Leonid Brezhnev succeeded him and was general secretary until his death inbeing in turn succeeded by Yury Andropov.
The CPSU continued to serve as the model for the Soviet-dominated states of eastern Europe, however, untilat which time the communist parties of eastern Europe either disintegrated or transformed themselves into Western-style socialist or social democratic parties.
From through the s the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was a monolithicmonopolistic ruling party that dominated the political, economic, social, and cultural life of the U. The constitution and other legal documents that supposedly ordered and regulated the government of the Soviet Union were in fact subordinate to the policies of the CPSU and its leadership.
Constitutionally, the Soviet government and the CPSU were separate bodies, but virtually all high government officials were party members, and it was this system of interlocking dual membership in party and governmental bodies that enabled the CPSU to both make policy and see that it was enforced by the government.
In the CPSU voted to surrender its constitutionally guaranteed monopoly of power, thereby permitting opposition parties to flourish legally in the Soviet Union. A failed coup by communist hard-liners against Gorbachev in August discredited the CPSU and greatly hastened its decline.
The basic unit of the CPSU was the primary party organization, which was a feature in all factories, government offices, schools, and collective farms and any other body of any importance whatsoever.
At its height the CPSU had some 19 million members. Nominally, the supreme body in the CPSU was the party congress, which usually met every five years and was attended by several thousand delegates.
The party congress nominally elected the or so members of the Central Committee of the CPSU, which met at least twice a year to perform the work of the party in between congresses.
In its turn the Central Committee elected the members of various party committees, two of which, the Politburo and the Secretariat, were the actual centres of ultimate power and authority in the Soviet Union. The Politburo, with about 24 full members, was the supreme policy-making body in the country and exercised power over every aspect of public policy, both domestic and foreign.
The Secretariat was responsible for the day-to-day administrative work of the party machine. The training ground for future candidates and members of the party was the All-Union Lenin League of Communist Youth, known as the Komsomol.
The principal publications of the party were the daily newspaper Pravda and the monthly theoretical journal Kommunist. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Countries backed by the USSR, like many areas in the Middle East, lessened their aggressive nature and lead to peace treaty signings between Israel and Egypt as well as a decline in anti-Semitic terrorism.
The collapse also highlighted major faults within the system of communism, proving that its political foundation goes against human nature. Communism in Russian History George F. Kennan. Sign In Subscribe. Published by the Council on Foreign Relations About Events Newsletters.
Sign In Published by the Council on Foreign Relations Essay Winter /91 Issue Russia & FSU Russian Federation. Read More On Ideology. Communism in Russian History.
By George F. Kennan. Communism's Effect On The USSR. Essay by technoguy, March download word file, 12 pages, 3 reviews. Downloaded 60 times. Keywords Why were Stalin's Five Year Plans necessary in the USSR?
of the State Planning communisms were unrealistic and their strategies to meet general demands often desperate. The official soviet 1/5(3).
at all levels by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was all-powerful and whose head was the country’s de facto leader.
Indeed, in the elections that were held, there was only a single slate of candidates, the great majority of whom were in effect chosen by the Communist.
How did Cold War rivalries affect European decolonization? Cold War and European decolonization were global processes that largely overlapped in time. The interrelationships between them were complex. To achieve better analytical clarity, let me begin with some definitions. Note 2: My earlier essay written as Assignment 5: https://class.
Transcript of How did industrialization impact communist Russia IDU: History & English Investigation In Conclusion you can say that industrialization had some positive and negatives effects on Russia, because it created wealth, jobs, fast and cheap production of products.
Free coursework on Communism East Europe from alphabetnyc.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing. event that sealed East GermanyÆs fate as the USSR realised that. in a united Germany, the Communists would lose control. , communism and the USSR, had the effect of causing the. culmination of all. How did Cold War rivalries affect European decolonization? Cold War and European decolonization were global processes that largely overlapped in time. The interrelationships between them were complex. To achieve better analytical clarity, let me begin with some definitions. Note 2: My earlier essay written as Assignment 5: https://class. Transcript of How did industrialization impact communist Russia IDU: History & English Investigation In Conclusion you can say that industrialization had some positive and negatives effects on Russia, because it created wealth, jobs, fast and cheap production of products.