PRC authoritiestheir supporters, and other proponents claim that existing policies and enforcement measures are sufficient to guard against human rights abuses. However other countries and their authorities such as the United States Department of StateCanada, among othersinternational non-governmental organizations NGOssuch as Human Rights in China and Amnesty Internationaland citizens, lawyers, and dissidents inside the country, state that the authorities in mainland China regularly sanction or organize such abuses.
By Abigail VanWinkle I. InReporters Without Borders claimed that 30 journalist and 68 Internet users have been imprisoned in China alone. The freedom of press index, which reveals the ranking of countries in accordance to their freedoms concerning speech, placed China at out of the listed countries.
When the index was first published in China was ranked second to last at and since the list has grown, China has remained anchored to the bottom.
While continuously descending on the freedom of press index and conclusively being one of the largest offenders of free speech and free press, Reporters Without Borders also assigns China amongst the company of the most prominent listed enemies of the Internet.
Historical Background At an estimated 1. The last dynasty to rule came to an end in The Qing had been in power since and the overthrowing by revolutionary leader Sun Yat-Sen set off the beginning of the Chinese Civil War.
On May 4,student activists held political protests and initiated the New Culture Movement consisting of social and political spectrums that ranged from the complete westernization of China to the socialism that exist in present day.
The May Fourth Movement came to a close around and the Communist party began to take precedence with the Soviet Union as an example.
Free Speech Freedom of speech, a right provided by the 35th amendment, seems only to be visible within the constitution and absent in the country. The marches had lasted weeks accumulating a multitude of protestors at multiple locations, while more than a million occupied Tiananmen Square.
Another incidence of free speech deprivation dealt with the attempted protest of two elderly women once Beijing, China announced the official protest zones for the Olympics.
Two Chinese women, ages 77 and 79, applied for a permit to protest the grievance of insufficient compensation for the seizure and destruction of their homes in by the Chinese government for redevelopment.
Many homes were bought and destroyed by the Chinese government due to the devising and preparation for the Olympic plans. To protest, Chinese citizens had to apply for a permit and gather in protest zones set by officials. Of the three zones set for protestors, 77 applications were submitted and zero requests granted; the voices of many would not be heard.
Deprivation of speech and freedom are present in multiple cases of arrest throughout the years involving the practice of Falun Gong. Falun Gong is a forbidden philosophy that practices exercises believed to improve health and provide spiritual enlightenment.
In Februarymore than 40 men and women were detained for expressing their support for Falun Gong and sent to re-education camps. Re-education camps are administrative systems that claim to reform people that have been arrested for minor offenses in order to mold them into model Chinese citizens.
Detainees are sentenced one to five years at the camps; some being released early for good behavior and others being held an extended year. Along with the punishment of hard labor, the camps hold violent and inhumane routines of torture.
Jiang Zemin was granted immunity by United States Head of State Department due to his governmental role, and the appeal was ignored as well as the attempt to take the case to the Supreme Court in As time has shown, China is not very warm-hearted to ideas and feelings of expression, and as the technological world advances it does not miss a step in prohibiting the expression of ones thoughts and ideas.
Currently, China is being ridiculed world-wide for the imprisonment of Liu Xiaobo. Liu Xiaobo was given eleven years of imprisonment with seven remaining on his sentence and his family held under house arrest due to his published beliefs.
Controversy lies not only with his arrest for co-authoring Charter 08, but his inability to rightfully receive what is his, the Nobel Peace Prize. Free Press Freedom of the press is another promise made by the Chinese government provided in chapter two of the revised constitution.
The prohibition of printing beliefs and ideas are facilitated by a multitude of screenings by hired government operations and cooperative companies. Those who publish dissatisfaction with Chinese government and policies on-line are labeled Cyber-dissidents. Cyber-dissidents are very common in China because the blogs that are posted on the world web are anonymous and essentially provide safety to the writer.
However, inJiang Lijun was sentenced to four years imprisonment for his articles supporting democracy and was accused of attempting to form a draft of declaration while seeking violent means to impose democracy.
Tao sent an e-mail with a summary of government orders that directed media organizations to filter and down-play the fifteenth anniversary of the pro-democracy protest.
InJerry Yang, Yahoo co-founder, expressed the remorse and offered apologies for the actions taken by his company however they neglected to make any clear decisions on censorship in relation to China. Yahoo is not the only American company assisting China with restriction of the press.
InArticle19 urged the company to uphold the rightful access to information from all and by all. Google, a popular Internet search engine, created a website dedicated to China, www.
On April 29,China adopted an amendment that required internet and telecom companies to cooperate with authorities when it came to national security issues.
This allowed the government to regulate what the public had informational access to while excusing their interference with news. Another stipulation of internet use recently required personal information and registration for Internet users that went into effect March 16, Being forced to register personal information meant that the ideas and values that individuals previously expressed with protection of an unknown identity would now flag them as dissidents of government policy.Until women and girls can live free of fear, violence and insecurity, the world cannot pride itself on being fair and equal, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said on Monday, commemorating the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, marked annually on 25 November.
Browse our research and campaigning across the world, with all the latest news, blogs, and reports. Throughout the Fall of and into early , SNCC and COFO organizers and volunteers continue to work with dedicated local activists to provide a Freedom Movement presence in Issaquena County.
Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration. Article Citizens of the People's Republic of China must abide by the constitution and the law.
This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article.
Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. (April ). PART ONE GENERAL PROVISIONS CHAPTER I THE AIM, BASIC PRINCIPLES AND SCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE CRIMINAL LAW.
Article 1. In order to punish crimes and protect the people, this Law is enacted on the basis of the Constitution and in the light of the concrete experiences and actual circumstances in China's fight against crimes.