Set in a dismal dystopian Englandit is the first-person account of a juvenile delinquent who undergoes state-sponsored psychological rehabilitation for his aberrant behaviour. The novel satirizes extreme political systems that are based on opposing models of the perfectibility or incorrigibility of humanity. Written in a futuristic slang vocabulary invented by Burgess, in part by adaptation of Russian words, it was his most original and best-known work. Burgess, AnthonyAnthony Burgess,
Plot summary[ edit ] Part 1: Alex's world[ edit ] Alex is a year-old living in near-future dystopian England who leads his gang on a night of opportunistic, random "ultra-violence".
Alex's friends "droogs" in the novel's Anglo-Russian slang' Nadsat ' are Dim, a slow-witted bruiser who is the gang's muscle; Georgie, an ambitious second-in-command; and Pete, who mostly plays along as the droogs indulge their taste for ultra-violence. Characterised as a sociopath and hardened juvenile delinquent, Alex also displays intelligence, quick wit, and a predilection for classical music ; he is particularly fond of Beethovenreferred to as "Lovely Ludwig Van".
The novella begins with the droogs sitting in their favourite hangout, the Korova Milk Barand drinking "milk-plus" — a beverage consisting of milk laced with the customer's drug of choice — to prepare for a night of mayhem. They assault a scholar walking home from the public library; rob a store, leaving the owner and his wife bloodied and unconscious; beat up a beggar; then scuffle with a rival gang.
Joyriding through the countryside in a stolen car, they break into an isolated cottage and terrorise the young couple living there, beating the husband and raping his wife. In a metafictional touch, the husband is a writer working on a manuscript called "A Clockwork Orange", and Alex contemptuously reads out a paragraph that states the novel's main theme before shredding the manuscript.
Back at the Korova, Alex strikes Dim for his crude response to a woman's singing of an operatic passage, and strains within the gang become apparent. At home in his parents' futuristic flat, Alex plays classical music at top volume, which he describes as giving him orgasmic bliss before falling asleep.
Alex coyly feigns illness to his parents to stay out of school the next day. Following an unexpected visit from P. Deltoid, his "post-corrective adviser", Alex visits a record store, where he meets two pre-teen girls. He invites them back to the flat, where he drugs and rapes them.
The next morning, Alex finds his droogs in a mutinous mood, waiting downstairs in the torn-up and graffitied lobby. Georgie challenges Alex for leadership of the gang, demanding that they pull a "man-sized" job.
Alex quells the rebellion by slashing Dim's hand and fighting with Georgie.
Then, in a show of generosity, he takes them to a bar, where Alex insists on following through on Georgie's idea to burgle the home of a wealthy elderly woman. Alex breaks in and knocks the woman unconscious; but, when he opens the door to let the others in, Dim strikes him in payback for the earlier fight.
The gang abandons Alex on the front step to be arrested by the police; while in custody, he learns that the woman has died from her injuries. The Ludovico Technique[ edit ] Alex is convicted of murder and sentenced to 14 years in prison. His parents visit one day to inform him that Georgie has been killed in a botched robbery.
Two years into his term, he has obtained a job in one of the prison chapels, playing religious music on the stereo to accompany the Sunday religious services. The chaplain mistakes Alex's Bible studies for stirrings of faith; in reality, Alex is only reading Scripture for the violent passages. After his fellow cellmates blame him for beating a troublesome cellmate to death, he is chosen to undergo an experimental behaviour modification treatment called the Ludovico Technique in exchange for having the remainder of his sentence commuted.
The technique is a form of aversion therapyin which Alex is injected with nausea-inducing drugs while watching graphically violent films, eventually conditioning him to become severely ill at the mere thought of violence. As an unintended consequencethe soundtrack to one of the films, Beethoven's Fifth Symphonyrenders Alex unable to enjoy his beloved classical music as before.
The effectiveness of the technique is demonstrated to a group of VIPswho watch as Alex collapses before a bully and abases himself before a scantily clad young woman whose presence has aroused his predatory sexual inclinations.A summary of Motifs in Anthony Burgess's A Clockwork Orange.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of A Clockwork Orange and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
A Clockwork Orange is Anthony Burgess’s most famous novel and its impact on literary, musical and visual culture has been extensive.
The novel is concerned with the conflict between the individual and the state, the punishment of young criminals, and the possibility or otherwise of redemption. A Clockwork Orange is a classic novel at this point.
I absolutely love this work of Anthony Burgess, as dark and twisted as it is. It is clearly full of social commentary, but the story does not get bogged down by it nor do I ever feel that it gets preachy/5(K). This is a free study guide to A Clockwork Orange which was written by Anthony Burgess.
The vision of youth culture in A Clockwork Orange is almost entirely negative, a horrifying extreme of the tendencies of young people in the early s, when Burgess wrote his novel. A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess is a novel told in three sections.
The first section opens with Alex, the protagonist, and what he calls his “droogs”: Dim, Pete, and Georgie. The first section opens with Alex, the protagonist, and what he calls his “droogs”: Dim, Pete, and Georgie.
A Clockwork Orange by: Anthony Burgess A Clockwork Orange is a novel by Anthony Burgess that was first published in Summary. Plot Overview; Here's where you'll find analysis about the book as a whole, from the major themes and ideas to analysis of style, tone, point of view, and more.