Ayn Rand Man is not the best of things in the universe. Rackham, Loeb Classical Library, p. Admitting all the value accorded to the true, the truthful, the selfless, it is nonetheless possible that a higher value should be ascribed to appearance, to the will to deception, to self-interestto greed -- a higher and more fundamental value with respect to all life.
Abraham is hailed as the first Hebrew and the father of the Jewish people. One of his great-grandsons was Judahfrom whom the religion ultimately gets its name. The Israelites were initially a number of tribes who lived in the Kingdom of Israel and Kingdom of Judah.
After being conquered and exiled, some members of the Kingdom of Judah eventually returned to Israel. They later formed an independent state under the Hasmonean dynasty in the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE, before becoming a client kingdom of the Roman Empirewhich also conquered the state and dispersed its inhabitants.
From the 2nd to the 6th centuries Jews wrote the Talmuda lengthy work of legal rulings and Biblical exegesis which, along with the Tanakh, is a key text of Judaism. His followers viewed him as the Messiahas in the Confession of Peter ; after his crucifixion and death they came to view him as God incarnate who was resurrected and will return at the end of time to judge the living and the dead and create an eternal Kingdom of God.
Within a few decades the new movement split from Judaism. After several periods of alternating persecution and relative peace vis a vis the Roman authorities under different administrations, Christianity became the state church of the Roman Empire inbut has been split into various churches from its beginning.
An attempt was made by the Byzantine Empire to unify Christendombut this formally failed with the East—West Schism of In the 16th century, the birth and growth of Protestantism further split Christianity into many denominations.
History of Islam The tomb of Abrahama cenotaph above the Cave of the Patriarchs traditionally considered to be the burial place of Abraham.
Islam is based on the teachings of the Quran. Although it considers Muhammad to be the Seal of the prophetsIslam teaches that every prophet preached Islam, providing a historical back-story for the religion by independently recognizing Jewish and Christian prophets, and adding others.
The teachings of Quran are presented as the direct revelation and words of Allah. Islam meaning "submission", in the sense of submission to God is universal membership is open to anyone ; like Judaism, it has a strictly unitary conception of God, called tawhidor "strict" or "simple" monotheism.
Some of this is due to the age and larger size of these three. The other, similar religions were seen as either too new to judge as being truly in the same class, or too small to be of significance to the category. However, some of the restriction of Abrahamic to these three is due only to tradition in historical classification.
Therefore, restricting the category to these three religions has come under criticism. The religion is almost entirely contained in a single, organized community with international, national, regional, and local administration, without sects or subdivisions, and is recognized as the second-most geographically widespread religion after Christianity.
It is an extremely small religion, with no more than a few thousand adherents according to current estimates, most of which are concentrated in Iran. Samaritanism[ edit ] Samaritanism is based on some of the same books used as the basis of Judaism but differs from the latter. Samaritan religious works include the Samaritan version of the Torahthe Memar Markah, the Samaritan liturgy, and Samaritan law codes and biblical commentaries.
The term was introduced by Kurdish scholar Mehrdad Izady to represent what he considers the "original" religion of the Kurds  as the primary inhabitants of the Zagros Mountainsuntil their increasing Islamization in the course of the 10th century. Well established, however, are the "striking" and "unmistakable" similarities between the Yazidis and the Yaresan or Ahl-e Haqq,  some of which can be traced back to elements of an ancient faith that was probably dominant among Western Iranians  and likened to practices of pre-Zoroastrian Mithraic religion.Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity.
Find stories, updates and expert opinion. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. The practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities from countries in which FGM is common.
The language of the Zulu people is "isiZulu", a Bantu language; more specifically, part of the Nguni subgroup. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa, where it is an official language. The Associated Press delivers in-depth coverage on today's Big Story including top stories, international, politics, lifestyle, business, entertainment, and more.
It was suggested by Louis Massignon that the phrase "Abrahamic religion" means that all these religions come from one spiritual source. Paul the Apostle referred to Abraham as the "father of us all". There is a Quranic term, millat Ibrahim, 'religion of Ibrahim', indicating that Islam sees itself as standing in a tradition of religious practice from Abraham.
In , Tom Mboya who was Kenya’s Minister of Justice & Constitution Affairs condemned the Sudanese government for expelling Christian missionaries from Southern Sudan between to