A report on the regulators of north carolina Notice:
These people searched for better and cheaper land, and many of them found it in the hilly Piedmont "backcountry" of North Carolina. These new North Carolinians were mostly Germans, Scotch-Irish, or Welsh; their religion was likely to be Presbyterian, Quaker, Lutheran, or German Reformednationalities and religious beliefs that stressed the simple, independent life.
Their land agreed with them, giving more than foodanimals and plants also furnished the raw materials for clothing, housewares, and shelter. Moreover, any backcountry man who was not his own blacksmith, cooper, or cobbler, had neighbors who could perform these services in trade for work or produce.
Thus, the Piedmont settlers were almost totally self-sufficient, needing only a few precious goodssalt, needles, and the likefrom the outside world. Obtaining even the few needed trade goods was sometimes a difficult task for the Piedmont settler, for transportation in the backcountry was confined to the land.
Here, the rivers and creeks run shallow and swift, with the few short navigable stretches abruptly ending in sandbars and rapids, or blocked by fallen trees.
The valleys created by these waterways run northeast to southeast, and in the eighteenth century, it was much easier to follow these valleys than to traverse the ridges. So, moving either northwest or southeast, the backcountryman made long and infrequent trade journeys to Virginia or South Carolina.
He had little contact with North Carolinians in the east.
Settlement of eastern North Carolina had taken place earlier, and the life style of the east was considerably different from that of the backcountry.
In the east, there were many port towns, and creeks and rivers offered easy water transportation inland.
Huge plantations had grown up on these waterways; farms based on slave labor and the relative ease of cultivating the flat land. Merchants and government officials headquartered in the east; there were fine homes and finer furnishings.
The coastal plain was the home of many colonists of English birth or descent; the Church of England was strong; there was a natural feeling of unity with the mother country.
Just as in the backcountry, the east had its share of poor farmers, but here such men were a minority.
Thus, within the single colony of North Carolina, there was a division of population, bridged only by the few settlers in the piney-woods plains separating east and west. There were two life styles, two generally different levels of education, two ideas of the good life.
And because there was so little trade or communication between the two groups, the gulf widened rather than narrowed. Although there were fundamental differences between the population of the east and west, there was one government for the colony. By the mids this government was controlled by the British crown and its agent, the royal governor.
The king and his council issued instructions to the governor, who carried out these instructions through a variety of colonial agencies.
The council met with the governor to decide important matters of state; it also served as the upper house of the colonial assembly. Lawmaking was a somewhat complicated process, since the governor, council, and house all possessed veto power over a bill. Even if all three approved of a measure, they could be overridden by the king and his councilors.
They were also complications regarding land in the colony. Settlers here registered their claims with the colonial government, paying small fees for surveys and certificates. But since the king owned all this land, settlers were required to pay a yearly fee for land rent.
These fees were called "quit-rents," because they "quit" the king from laying any other claim on their land. Land in the northern half of colonial North Carolina belonged to Lord Granville and the section was therefore known as the "Granville District.
Unfortunately, these agents failed to manage the land properlygrants were not recorded, quit-rents were seldom collected, and in one area, no land office was in operation. Two separate courts that ruled on land grants, large debts, and certain other matters were both staffed by the governor and his council.
Important civil and criminal cases were decided in the Superior Courts, which met twice per year in each colonial district. The court which most directly affected the everyday lives of the colonists was the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions held four times per year in each county.
There were over J. Other officers in the county court included the register, sheriff, and clerk of court. The latter was appointed by high colonial officials, and it was his duty to sign and certify many court records and documents.The Regulators of North Carolina () by Bassett, John Spencer, Publication date Publisher at Chapel Hill.
Contributor University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Language English. From the Annual report of the American Historical Association, , p.
Includes bibliographical references Pages: The Regulators of North Carolina () By John Spencer Bassett, About On the day before this a report came from Pitt County that the Regulators of Bute and Johnston were marching on Newbern to prevent Fanning from taking his seat for the pocket borough of Hillsboro.
The North Carolina Regulators Abuses in the collection of exorbitant fees by public officers, and in permitting the sheriffs and tax-collectors to delay the payment of public moneys, produced an association of the poorer colonists, who claimed that they were being overtaxed.
The Regulators of North Carolina Free Essay, Term Paper and Book Report The history of colonial North Carolina is bombarded with frequent strife and turmoil.
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RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) — North Carolina regulators denied on Friday a request from Duke Energy to raise electric rates, ordered the utility to refund $60 million in deferred taxes to customers and.